Transition metal catalysis plays a crucial role in the development of new chemical transformations, which can be broadly applied in organic synthesis, medicinal chemistry, synthesis of biologically relevant molecules, pharmaceuticals and other related fields. In recent years, the need for application of sustainable methods is significantly growing due to the necessity of waste-free transformations.[1-2] Plenty of industrially run processes still apply classical procedures, which often lead to production of tons of waste as a consequence of multistep synthesis. Thus, development of novel catalytic systems which would afford complex molecular structures via straightforward processes is still desired. Hence, metal-catalyzed transformations play a crucial role in the development of new synthetic strategies, as they can easily lead to the reduction of synthetic steps and, ipso facto, reduction of waste leading to atom-economic transformations.
Application of transition metals particularly in homogenous catalysis was initiated by industrial processes such as carbonylation of alkenes and alkynes by metal carbonyls, production of polyethylene and polypropylene by the Ziegler-Natta catalysts or conversion of ethylene into acetaldehyde in the Wacker’s process. This breakthrough inspired investigation of other synthetic reactions, which could be catalyzed by transition metals. Soon after, the field was dominated by application of catalysts containing precious-metal centers leading to the facile synthesis of higher molecules. Significant role of transition metals in chemistry was highlighted by Nobel prizes in 2001 (K. B. Sharpless, W. S. Knowles,